Understand the Canada PR (Permanent Resident) Status & Process
According to the IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada), A Canadian permanent resident is someone who is not a Canadian citizen but has been given permanent resident status by immigrating to Canada. Permanent residents are citizens of other countries.
Any person who is in Canada temporarily, for example, a student or a foreign worker, is NOT considered a Canadian Permanent Resident, but can apply and get a PR.
The Permanent Resident (PR) Card
Your coveted Canadian PR card can be used to show that you have permanent resident status in Canada. If you wish to travel outside Canada, you will just need to show your card and your passport when you come back to Canada.
What a Canadian Permanent Resident can do?
Any person having a Canada PR can get the most social benefits that Canadian citizens receive. These include –
- health care coverage,
- live, work or study anywhere in Canada,
- apply for Canadian citizenship,
- protection under Canadian law and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
But remember, you MUST pay taxes on time every year and respect all Canadian laws at the federal, provincial, and municipal levels.
What Permanent Residents cannot do?
A Permanent Resident is different from a Citizen and does not enjoy rights like –
- vote or run for political office,
- hold some jobs that need a high-level security clearance.
Living in Canada
To maintain your Permanent Resident status, you must have been in Canada for at least 730 days during the last five years. These 730 days don’t need to be continuous.
Losing your PR Status
PR Card is different from PR Status. You don’t lose your permanent resident status when your PR card expires. You can only lose your status if you go through an official process.
You can lose your Permanent Resident status if:
- an officer determines you are no longer a Permanent Resident after an inquiry or PRTD appeal;
- you voluntarily renounce your Permanent Resident status;
- a removal order is made against you and comes into force; or
- you become a Canadian citizen.
Even if you don’t meet the residency obligation, you are still a PR until an official decision is made on your status.
Traveling with a Canadian PR Card
Permanent Residents (PRs) of Canada must carry and present their valid PR card when boarding a flight to Canada or traveling to Canada on any other commercial carrier. If you do not carry your PR card or PRTD, you may not be able to board your flight, train, bus, or boat to Canada.
Please understand, It is your responsibility to ensure that your PR card is still valid when you return from any travel outside Canada, and it is also your responsibility to apply for a new PR card when your current card expires.
How to apply for Permanent Resident Status in Canada?
The government of Canada invites skilled candidates for Permanent Residency in Canada if they have relevant attributes.
These features include but are not limited to –
- Language Ability
- Work Experience
- Relatives in Canada.
The first step towards the Canada PR Application Process is determining your Eligibility for Canada PR.
If you are eligible, then you should –
- Gather your documents like IELTS results, ECA reports, etc.
- Create and Submit your profile to the IRCC.
- If you are selected, you will receive an ITA (Invitation to Apply) from the IRCC.
- Submit remaining documents to support your claims in the application.
- Appear for a Medical test if all the information is approved by the IRCC.
- Receive the VISA and COPR which enables you to travel to Canada.
Remember, you must have a clean police record and also enough funds to support your application.
How much money is required for Canada PR?
If you talk about the cost of the application, it is 825 Canadian Dollars for Processing the Application, and 500 CAD as the RPRF (Right to Permanent Residence Fee) per adult. For every dependent child, the fee is 225$.
The RPRF is refundable if your application is rejected but the 825$ Processing Fee is non-refundable.
Apart from the cost of the application, you also have to show enough funds in your bank account to satisfy the Visa Officer that you will be able to support yourself in Canada.
The settlement funds, as it is called by the IRCC, should be at least 12,960$ (INR 7,50,000) for 1 person and 16,135$ (INR 9,20,000) for 2 people.